Climate talks in Warsaw agreed the outlines of a deal to be reached in 2015 to combat global warming
Around 195 countries ended a two-week meeting in Warsaw on Saturday evening to agree the outlines of a deal meant to be reached in 2015 to combat global warming.
Divisions between developed and developing countries have appeared so deep thought the conference, but, finally, some key decisions have been reached.
First of all, countries agreed to announce plans for curbs on greenhouse gases beyond 2020. “Warsaw has set a pathway for governments to work on a draft text of a new universal climate agreement, an essential step to reach a final agreement in Paris, in 2015,” said Marcin Korolec, the Polish host of the conference.
There was a key change in the text. The word ‘commitment’ changed to ‘contributions, without prejudice to the legal nature’. The change is believed to have been made to accommodate China and India.
Secondly, the talks agreed a new ‘Warsaw International Mechanism’ to provide expertise, and possibly aid, to help developing nations cope with losses from extreme events related to climate change. The exact form of the mechanism will be reviewed in 2016.
Thirdly, the conference agreed on a measure that could boost demand for the ailing mechanism, encouraging countries without legally binding emissions targets to use carbon credits called Certified Emission Reductions (CERs).
Finally, the conference agreed a multi-billion dollar framework to tackle deforestation. The fledgling Green Climate Fund will play a key role in channeling finance for projects to halt deforestation to host governments, who in turn must set up national agencies to oversee the money.