The activities of the waste sector represent approximately 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions. However, taking into account indirect emissions, and if we also add other associated sectors such as slurry management, the influence on the global emissions balance is much higher. On the other hand, the pollution produced by plastics and microplastics has become a great threat to the environment, considering that most of it ends up in the oceans, where plastics damage wildlife, contaminating our beaches, landscapes, and cities and degrading freshwater ecosystems that negatively affect food safety and quality, human health and coasts. tourism, and contributes to climate change.
The different phases that integrate waste management (collection, transport and treatment) generate environmental impacts associated with factors such as the use of bags to store waste, containers ready for storage, transportation to treatment plants and construction, the operation of these and of course the emissions of storage and waste treatment. Additionally, it is important to highlight the current situation of most unmanaged landfills in countries located in Africa and Latin America. Immediate activity in these places is necessary, not only for the fight against the climate crisis but for health.
It is a priority to regulate the informal recycling sector, properly managing the separation of waste and its treatment, and introducing measures to mitigate emissions such as torches, composting and, above all, the generation of electricity from biogas extraction. ALLCOT has been working for 10 years very active in the sector, developing emission mitigation projects in all phases of waste management, with excellent results both in mitigation and in the integration of society in the sector, aligning all activities with the objectives of sustainable development.
The projects in which ALLCOT has a strong experience are:
- Use of landfill biogas: The objective of this type of project is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the use or burning of gas extracted in landfills. Most of the projects in which ALLCOT works generate electricity from said biogas, which produces an additional reduction in GHG mitigation.
- Compost production: the objective of compost production projects developed is to reduce GHG emissions by diverting organic waste from landfills, and by treating it.
- Reduce, reuse, recycle: at ALLCOT we work with our clients to establish measures and plans to reduce, reuse and ultimately recycle the waste generated. Plastics and microplastics accumulated in water courses and oceans have special relevance. Aware of this global problem, at ALLCOT we are developing an initiative to recycle plastic bottles for the construction of brick blocks that allow various constructions with modular way and exceptional characteristics in terms of durability, flexibility, isolation and resistance to extreme weather events.
All the projects in which ALLCOT works on waste management not only have the benefits of mitigating GHG emissions, but we always try to work with the informal recycling sector by offering alternative means of subsistence through education, awareness, and activities on gender equity.